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Chrysler, Dodge, Ram, and Jeep 3.6 engine oil cooler and oil filter housing
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Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: Hawker Hurricane Mk. IIC, with Northrop P-61C Black Widow in the background
Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Hawker Hurricane Mk. IIC: Hawker Chief Designer Sydney Camm's Hurricane ranks with the most important aircraft designs in military aviation history. Designed in...
Photo by Chris Devers on Flickr
A Dodge Dakota SLT at the Big Bumper Meet in Oldenburg. © Dennis Matthies My photographs are copyrighted and may not be altered, printed, published in any media and/or format, or re-posted in other websites/blogs.
Photo by My god, it's full of cars! on Flickr
Well, it's not JUST cars ;-)
1. 1968 Fiat 110F Berlina 500 Vignale Gamine, 2. 1985 Dodge RAM 150, 3. 1993 Honda Civic, 4. Borgward Isabella convertible, 5. Vierzon SF tractor in action, 6. 1978 Tatra 613 'Chromka', 7. 1970 Renault 12, 8. 1937...
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A Dodge Ram Van at the Street Mag Show Hannover. © Dennis Matthies My photographs are copyrighted and may not be altered, printed, published in any media and/or format, or re-posted in other websites/blogs.
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A Dodge Durango at the Big Bumper Meet in Oldenburg. © Dennis Matthies My photographs are copyrighted and may not be altered, printed, published in any media and/or format, or re-posted in other websites/blogs.
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2014 Dodge Ram 1500 Hemi
2014 Dodge Ram 1500 Hemi comes with 3.6 liter Pentastar V6 or 5.7L Hemi V8 with the new Ecodiesel six cylinders scheduled to arrive later this year.Due to delays in the availability of the new diesel engine fuel...
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How Far Can You Drive? We Analyze Half-Ton Fuel-Tank Range
07/27/15, via PickupTrucks.com
Aisin produces the 6 speed transmissions for Rams High Output Cummins also, and I haven't heard of anyone that's destroyed one of those, unlike the crappy Ram (Dodge) RExxx transmissions. Under your criteria of "strongest V6 and V8" engines, the
In photos: What's changing in Canada's booming truck market
08/20/15, via The Globe and Mail
Four engines – including two turbocharged Ecoboost gas engines (a 324 hp 2.7L Ecoboost V6 + a 365 hp 3.5L Ecoboost V-6) are available. (Petrina Gentile for ); GM is injecting new life into the mid-size truck segment with its all new
Charger has size, muscle and sophistication
08/02/15, via South Bend Tribune
"The Charger blends the practicality of a family vehicle with the styling and performance of a muscle car," said Patrick Beck, a sales consultant at Sorg Dodge Chrysler Jeep Ram in Goshen. "And thanks to the availability of all-wheel drive, it's a
New Chrysler 300C: Sexy at 60
08/12/15, via Inquirer.net
Auto Nation Group (ANG), the general distributor for the Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep and Ram brands in the country, recently unveiled the new Chrysler 300C, touted as the most technologically advanced sedan of its class, at the Manila Polo Club. Chrysler
Fiat Chrysler working on Ram 1500 ute case for Australia
07/25/15, via CarAdvice
Engine options likewise vary, ranging from a 3.0-litre diesel that produces 180kW of power and a 3.6-litre petrol V6 that produces 227kW of power to a flagship 5.7-litre V8 that produces 295kW of power. That big petrol V8, the same unit offered at the
2015 Dodge Ram brings power to fuel economy
09/11/14, via nwitimes.com
The 2015 Ram 1500 leads pickup truck fuel economy with winning powertrains: exclusive 3.0-liter V-6 EcoDiesel with 240 horsepower and 420 lb.-ft. of torque at 28 miles per gallon (mpg) and Pentastar 3.6-liter V-6 with 305 horsepower and best-in-class
Here's just how addicted to trucks Americans are
08/06/15, via Car Keys
Following in the wake of Ford's monopoly on the vehicle market, the Chevrolet Silverado comes in second place, with the Dodge Ram in third place. Together, the top three sellers account for 1.7 million sales, or one in every ten new vehicles sold in
... of the 3.0-liter EcoDiesel V-6 engine has not been released yetImage by www.briggsdodge.com
Industry Leader: The 3.6-Liter Pentastar V6Image by blog.dodge.com
2012 Dodge Ram Van C/V 3.6 Liter DOHC 24-Valve Pentastar V6 Engine ...Image by gtcarlot.com
2013 Ram 1500 V6 engineImage by www.nextyearcars.com
2014 Ram ProMaster Full Size Van Priced Photo GalleryImage by dieselpowermag.com
2014 Dodge Ram 1500 Engine 02 2014 Dodge Ram 1500 Review, Specs and ...Image by neocarsuv.com
Dodge Ram SRT-10 EngineImage by www.benlevy.com
Pentastar Engines: Overview and Technical DetailsImage by www.pentastars.com
2013 Dodge ChargerImage by www.engine-pictures.com
Auto Nation Group (ANG), the general distributor for the Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep and Ram brands in the country, recently unveiled the new Chrysler 300C, touted as the most technologically advanced sedan of its class, at the Manila Polo Club. The new refinements and innovative features of the new 300C in design, comfort, driving performance, fuel efficiency, and safety and security features belie the somewhat familiar iconic shape and design that we have grown familiar with in the... “Beyond its head-turning iconic proportions and even more commanding Chrysler front-end grille, our new 300C is designed to reward hard-working individuals by delivering class-exclusive technologies, premium appointments and levels of quality,”... It has the soul of the 1955 300, the attitude of the 2005 300, and the style and sophistication that are the trademark of a count 300. “The 2015 Chrysler 300C has more of everything you could ever want in a car of its class,” says Gardner. The most notable exterior improvement of the new 300C is its redesigned fascia and more prominent grille with the floating Chrysler wing badge. Just below the main grille is a chrome Mobius strip that outlines a lower grille opening that surrounds the new LED fog lamps. Source: motioncars.inquirer.net
Industry Leader: The 3.6-Liter Pentastar V6 - The Official ...
Posted By RLD | 02.20.2013
Red Ram, Ramcharger, MagnumV8—great engines are simply part of the Dodge tradition. The legacy of engineering leadership continues with the Pentastar® V6.
One of the most versatile engines on the market today, the Pentastar V6 is offered in the Dodge Avenger, Journey, Charger, Challenger, Grand Caravan, and Durango. Whether the job is towing a boat to the lake or wringing the last drop from a gallon of gasoline in the daily commute, the Pentastar can do it all. When the Pentastar went into production, it replaced seven former engines in the Chrysler corporate lineup.
One key to the Pentastar’s go-anywhere, do-anything capability is its wide, flat torque curve, which allows the V6 to drive and perform like a big V8 while still delivering exceptional fuel economy. A host of advanced features including VVT (Variable Valve Timing) improve volumetric and combustion efficiency across the engine’s entire operating range, allowing the Pentastar’s torque output to exceed 90 percent of its peak value from 1,600 to 6,400 rpm.
Not that many years ago, this level of efficiency wasn’t even considered possible in internal combustion engines, but the Pentastar delivered. The engine broke additional new ground by offering the cutting-edge technology across the market, in practical people movers like the Journey to sporty GTs like the Challenger.
For example, the standard Pentastar V6 in the Dodge Charger is rated at 300 horsepower and still delivers up to an EPA estimated 31 miles per gallon on the highway. Imagine it: V8-flavored performance in a roomy sedan with great fuel economy, too. It’s the best of all worlds. It’s no wonder that since the engine’s announcement in 2009, the Pentastar V6 has been honored with nearly every industry award—and continues to win them today.
2015 Ram 1500 - Capability & Performance
Integrated trailer HITCH
Ram pickup trucks are equipped with an integrated trailer hitch that seamlessly connects the truck frame to your trailer, helping to provide a safe and secure connection. Our pickup trucks also feature a four- and seven-pin trailer hitch wiring harness and connectors with convenient bumper integration.
2013 Ram 1500 SLT V6 8AT Test – Review – Car and Driver
From the February 2013 Issue of Car and Driver
In a hyper-macho and ultra-industrious world where cars didn’t exist, what would individuals of subpar testosterone levels and only moderate abilities drive? Even if trucks were our only choice, we imagine the relative merits of cars—smoother ride, ease of maneuverability, efficiency—would hold a natural draw for some. These folks would want trucks as light and economical, as “carlike” as possible. They’d be looking for El Caminos. Or Honda Ridgelines. For 2013, the Ram 1500 has been updated to make it more attractive to such people.
Shedding pounds and gaining miles per gallon led Ram’s agenda, so high-strength steel pares about 30 pounds from the truck’s chassis, while an aluminum hood trims 26 pounds from the nose. According to Ram, the new base powertrain combo tested here saves 76 pounds compared with last year’s. In pursuit of both efficiency and power delivery, it pairs Chrysler’s 3.6-liter Pentastar V-6 with the same ZF eight-speed automatic that you’d find in a $474,900 Rolls-Royce Phantom Drophead Coupe. That transmission also contributes to one of the Ram’s fuel-saving tricks: a fluid circuit that uses engine coolant to bring it quickly up to operating temperature, reducing the viscosity of the transmission fluid and increasing efficiency. Other mileage-boosting kit on the truck includes automatic grille shutters, low-rolling-resistance tires, and electric power steering. A fuel-efficiency package can be had that adds a tonneau cover and automatic stop-start; it gains another mpg in the EPA city test, bumping the base city rating to 18 mpg. The highway figure remains 25.
For all its newness, though, the Ram doesn’t look much different than it did last year. A taller grille, new front fascia, and headlights updated with LED turn signals are about it. The latest version of Chrysler’s Uconnect infotainment system is available, which now can be updated with features and apps downloaded over the truck’s wireless network. (Once upon a time, the only applications a truck buyer needed were the kind turned in by job seekers.) A seven-inch LCD display is optional on the SLT and tucks into the instrument panel. It provides six customizable gauges and displays offering entirely too much choice in where to look to find the time, outside temperature, direction of travel, mileage (instantaneous or average), distance to empty, oil temperature, oil life, trans-fluid temperature, trailer-brake gain, or engine hours. Plus two trip odometers, plus a separate trip odometer for trailering...
Most important, the RamBox bedside compartments are now power locking. Between them and the in-floor storage wells under the back seats, Ram pilots can keep nearly 43 six-packs of?b... soda secured out of sight. In addition to lights that turn on when you open the compartments—just like your refrigerator!—the RamBoxes have manual switches so you can leave them open around the bonfire without diminishing your nighttime ambience. If?you ignore those switches, do the lights stay on when the lid is closed? Does your refrigerator light stay on when the door is closed? Put a kid in there and find out—there’s a glow-in-the-dark handle he can pull to release the latch and free himself.
View Photos View PhotosHighs, Lows, and Verdict Highs:
Plush ride; so many extras that your grandfather would be embarrassed to call it a truck.Lows:
Forty-three grand and it doesn’t come with leather, auto climate control, or a log splitter.Verdict:
What cars would be like if we’d never invented unibodies.
2016 Ram ProMaster 2500 High Roof New Car Details ...
As a leading Atlanta area car dealership, Landmark Dodge Chrysler Jeep RAM is proud to offer a wide selection of new and used vehicles, top-notch automotive maintenance, and the best customer service around. Our dedication to our customers has helped us become a leading dealership and to serve our community for over 30 years.
Of course, we didn't get a nickname like "the Georgia Giant" out of thin air. Our customers gave us the title thanks to our monstrous inventory of Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep, and RAM models. Atlanta Dodge fans can visit us to find the latest and greatest models; we have the #1 Dodge sales in the country!*
There’s plenty for Georgia Chrysler, Jeep, and RAM fans to love, too. We offer a wide array of these incredible vehicles, from the Chrysler 300 to the Jeep Grand Cherokee. Our selection of RAM trucks is amazing, as well; we’re the #1 RAM dealership in the Southeast!
No matter what you need, you can count on our Atlanta area Dodge Chrysler Jeep RAM dealership to deliver nothing but the best. Visit us today, or give us a call at 770-954-8905 today for more information on the wealth of services we provide. We look forward to meeting all of your automotive needs and exceeding your expectations!
We are conveniently located in Morrow GA and offer convenient hours 7 days a week! Visit us today at 6850 Mt. Zion Blvd in Morrow, GA or call 770-954-8905 today!
*#1 claim based on Dodge 2014 Year-end Final Sales Numbers.
Please note: Many of our inventory photos are stock photography. Actual colors, options and accessories may differ on the specific vehicle you have selected.PRICING DISCLAIMER: All prices & payments plus tax, tag, title (or TAVT) & GA WRA fees. Financing with approved credit. Must print out and present at dealership upon arrival to receive the special Internet price. All pricing subject to modification without notice. Dealer is not responsible for typographical errors. Please verify offer details with Dealer Representative prior to sale.
Custom Dodge Ram Performance Mods - Engine - 3.6 Liter ...
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2013-2014 Dodge Ram 1500 engine, transmission, and axles ...
The 2013 Ram 1500 achieved best in class gas mileage with the V6 and V8 engines, thanks largely to the new “TorqueFlite 8” automatic transmission. For 2014, the Ram 1500 diesel not only beat the gas engines, but most midsize pickups (even with four cylinders) as well.
The V6 model leapfrogged Ford to get best in class gas mileage with higher performance; it now has 305 horsepower and 269 lb-ft of torque, major improvements over the old 3.7 V6. (The Hemi also got a five horsepower boost.) Gas mileage for the 2014 Ram 1500 V6 is rated at 18/25, while the best 2014 Ford mileage is 17/23; Chevrolet lags at 15/20.
The Ram 1500 diesel uses a VM 3-liter engine, also used on the 2014 Grand Cherokee, with the eight-speed automatic. A state of the art engine, it is compatible with up to 20% biodiesel fuel (B20) and has a common-rail injection system, high pressure cooled EGR, and selective catalyst reduction; the diesel exhaust fluid system can maintain full power when fluid is low, and has a refill port under the regular fuel cap (DEF cost around $34 per 10,000 miles in early 2014). The engine block and bedplate are made of compacted graphite iron, and has a structural aluminum oil pan; the heads have individual bearing caps.
Some Ram features include passive cooling for the DEF injector, an insulated DEF tank with heated lines for cold weather operation, and an exhaust designed to reduce crystal build-up. DEF is normally refilled roughly every 10,000 miles, corresponding with oil change intervals (using 5W30 synthetic). Ram 1500 diesels have a standard 3.55 axle ratio, with an optional 3.92 — no 3.21.4x2 Pentastar V6 4.7 V8(2013 only) Hemi V86 speed Hemi V88 speed VM 3.0 Horsepower 305 @ 6,400 310 @ 5,650 395 @ 5,600 240 @ 3,600 Torque 269 @ 4,175 330 @ 39,50 407 @ 3950 420 @ 2,000 Fuel notes E85 E85 Cylinder cutoff Diesel Towing (max) 3,450 lb(7,450 lb, 2014+) 6,050 11,500 lb 9,200 lb Payload (max) 1,810 lb 1,717 lb 3,125 lb 3,125? Gas mileage 18 / 25 (HFE);17/25 (base) 14/20 14/20 (4x2)13/19 (4x4) 15/22 (4x2)15/21 (4x4) Our guess:18/26 8HP capacity, lb-ft 332 (450 Nm) (6 speed only) (n/a) 516 (700 Nm) 516
Ford claimed, for 2013, a peak non-turbo V6 tow rating of 6,700 lb.
In a new development, the 2013 Ram cost around $1,000 more with the V6, over the base 4.7 V8 engine. The HEF version got 1 mpg more in city-mileage tests than the standard V6, and included the three-part tonneau cover and many systems changes (the stop-start system, grill shutters, fluid pre-heating, adjustable suspension, lower front air dam, and others — details); it also had numerous options as standard features.Competitive comparisons as of November 2014 V6 Pickups Axle City Hwy. Comb. HP Torque Towing Payload Price Chevrolet Silverado 1500 WT 4.3 3.23 18 24 20 285 305 6,100 1,950 $27,060 Ford F-150 XL 3.7 3.55 18 25 20 282 253 5,100 1,910 $26,915 Ram 1500 Tradesman 3.6 3.55 17 25 20 305 269 6,300 1,900 $26,660 V8 Pickups Axle City Hwy. Comb. HP Torque Towing Payload Price Chevrolet Silverado 1500 WT 5.3 3.42 16 23 19 355 383 7,200 1,940 $28,155 Ford F-150 XL 5.0 3.55 15 22 18 385 387 9,200 1,930 $28,510 Ram 1500 Tradesman 5.7 3.55 15 22 17 395 410 9,050 1,750 $27,985
The Ram 1500 Tradesman V6 is competitive in horsepower, torque, payload and towing capacity, while coming in at a lower price. The Ram and Chevy bodies are less costly to repair, which could mean lower insurance costs.Standard cab, standard box, base model Axle City Hwy Comb. HP Torque Towing Payload Chevrolet 1500 WT 4.3 3.23 18 24 20 285 305 6,100 1,950 Chevrolet 1500 WT 5.3* 3.08 16 23 19 355 383 7,200 1,940 Ford F-150 XL 2.7-liter EcoBoost 3.55 19 26 22 325 375 7,600 1,800 Ford F-150 XL 3.5-liter EcoBoost 3.55 17 24 20 365 420 7,600 1,910 Ford F-150 XL 3.5-liter Ti-VCT V6 3.55 18 25 20 282 253 5,100 1,910 Ford F-150 XL 5.0-liter Ti-VCT V8* 3.55 15 22 18 385 387 9,200 1,930 Ram 1500 Tradesman 3.6-liter 3.55 17 25 20 305 269 7,600 1,940 Ram 1500 Tradesman 5.7-liter Hemi V8* 3.55 15 22 17 395 410 10,650 1,820 Ram 1500 SLT w/3.0-liter EcoDiesel V6* 3.55 20 28 23 240 420 9,200 1,620 *Equipped with 8-foot box.
The 2.7-liter engine is a $795 option, so the Ford F-150 XL with it costs $27,310. The Ram V6 Tradesman is $26,155. Using the combined mileage estimate for the two trucks and a price of $2.839/gallon for fuel, it would take more than 89,500 miles to recoup the difference through fuel savings. Even at $4.00/gallon, it would take 63,500 miles, or more than two years of typical commercial fleet use, to justify selecting the Ford over the Ram on the basis of fuel savings. Of course, these arguments also apply to the Ford 2.7 vs the ram diesel.
The Ram 1500 faced down the aluminum-bodied Ford F-150 and new Chevrolet Silverado in Motor Trend’s half-ton truck shootout. The three contenders were put through a broad array of testing, including a 260-mile drive through California and Arizona. Measurements included:Without load: 0-60 mph and 1/4-mile, 60-0 mph braking, and lateral grip Tow testing with a 7,000 pound trailer Payload testing with 1,000 pounds Fuel economy
The winner was chosen both by empirical results and and by driver impressions.
Motor Trend beat EPA fuel economy ratings with the Ram, turning in 20/28; the Ford was a distant second (17/22) and the Chevrolet was the worst, at 13/19. All three were 4x4s, with Ram running a diesel six, Ford running a twin-turbo gasoline six, and Chevrolet running a 325 cid (5.3 liter) V8. The Ram had the highest torque (420) and lowest horsepower (240); Chevrolet had the second best torque (383) and the best hosepower (355), while Ford lagged on both.
The Ram diesel was by far the slowest in 0-60, unladen (8.8 seconds) or towing a 7,000 lb trailer (23.9 seconds), while the Ford was best (6.5 and 16.2 seconds) and the Chevrolet not far from the Ford (6.9 and 19.5 seconds). Even so, the Ram did the quarter mile in just 16.6 seconds (the Ford did it in 15.1). In braking, all three came within one foot of each other, with Ram slightly better than the others; lateral acceleration was likewise extremely similar.
The judges found that, over 260 miles with a thousand-pound payload, the Ram 1500 diesel turned in 22 mpg, easily beating the turbocharged-gasoline V6 in the Ford. The Ram’s optional air suspension provided a good combination of comfortable ride and good handling, along with strong interior aerodynamics.FULL-SIZE HALF-TON 2WD PICKUP ENGINE/ECONOMY FIGURES Rank* Make & Model Engine/Transmission HP Torque City Hwy Comb. 1 Ram 1500** 3.0L Diesel/8-speed 280 420 20 28 23 2 (tie) Chevrolet Silverado 1500 4.3L V6/6-Speed 285 305 18 24 20 2 (tie) Ram 1500 2WD 3.6L V6/8-Speed 305 269 17 25 20 4 (tie) Chevrolet Silverado 1500 5.3L V8/6-Speed 355 383 16 23 19 4 (tie) Ford F150 (2014) 3.7L V6/6-Speed 302 278 17 23 19 6 Ford F150 (2014)** 3.5L V6/6-speed 365 420 16 22 18 7 (tie) Chevrolet Silverado 1500 6.2L V8/6-Speed 420 460 15 21 17 7 (tie) Ford F150 (2014) 5.0L/6-Speed 360 380 15 21 17 7 (tie) Ram 1500 2WD 5.7L V8/8-speed 395 410 15 22 17 10 (tie) Ram 1500 2WD 5.7L V8/6-Speed 395 410 14 20 16 10 (tie) Toyota Tundra 4.6L V8/6-Speed 310 327 15 19 16 12 (tie) Ford F150 (2014) 6.2L V8/6-Speed 411 434 13 18 15 12 (tie) Nissan Titan (2014) 5.6L V8/5-Speed 317 385 13 18 15 12 (tie) Toyota Tundra 5.7L V8/6-Speed 381 401 13 18 15 NR Ford F150 (2015)** 2.7L V6/6-Speed 325 375 ? ? ? NR Ford F150 (2015)** 3.5L V6/6-Speed 365 420 ? ? ? NR Ford F150 (2015) 3.5L V6/6-Speed 282 253 ? ? ? NR Ford F150 (2015) 5.0L V8/6-Speed 385 387 ? ? ? **Indicates a turbocharged engine. Bold indicates highest figure. Ties are listed alphabetically.
At current fuel prices, the Ram 1500 with the Pentastar V6 has a lower fuel cost per mile than the EcoDiesel, because regular gasoline prices have fallen more than diesel; but this is expected to change in 2016. The federal government and 20 states tax diesel at a higher rate than gasoline. Indiana slaps about 11 cents more per gallon on diesel - on top of the six-cent federal add-on; while Nevada taxes diesel at nearly five cents less per gallon than gasoline.TorqueFlite 8: ZF Eight-Speed Automatic Transmission
The eight speed automatic was the first of its kind to be used in a pickup truck. Just as the new transmission cut around two seconds off the Charger’s 0-60 times while adding several miles per gallon to its highway mileage, it helps the new Ram V6 to beat the 2012 model from 0-60 by three seconds, 0-60, while increasing gas mileage 20%.
The eight-speed does not just add gears; it dramatically increases the range from first to top gear, shifts much faster than the older automatics, and is reportedly lighter than the 65RFE transmission.
The eight-speed makes a stop-start system possible, and one is available on “select Ram 1500 models:” it automatically shuts the engine off when the truck comes to a complete stop, conserving fuel. The engine restarts instantly when the gas pedal is used. The feature can be shut off if desired, but has little impact on acceleration and a large impact on city-cycle driving.
The V6 comes only with the 8HP45 “Torqueflite 8.” The Hemi had an optional higher-torque version of the eight-speed, the 8HP70, which has identical gear ratios.
Trucks with the eight-speed get a dash-mounted dial shifter, a style used on Class 6-8 heavy duty trucks. The class-exclusive shifter allows quick blind-shift transitions from Reverse to Drive; it is completely electronic, with no shift linkage, eliminating a common source of problems in well-worked trucks. Low gear is obtained with gear-change buttons on the steering wheel.
Both the 8HP45 and 8HP70 transmissions are fully electronic, and can change their shift maps to meet current conditions; Ram has over 40 shift maps. The software uses engine torque gradients, kick down, longitudinal and lateral acceleration, hill detection, friction detection, downshift detection, cruise control, stability control interaction, and temperature to determine shift points and methods.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Reverse Range Peak Torque 65RFE 3.00 1.67 1.50 1.00 0.75 0.67 3.00 2.33 410 lb-ft (540 Nm) 8HP 4.71 3.14 2.10 1.67 1.29 1.00 0.84 0.67 3.30 4.04 332 / 516 lb-ft (450/700 Nm)
The 8HP has a much higher range than the 65RFE, for good highway economy without sacrificing low first gear power and acceleration. Rather than comparing any particular gear ratio to Ford, Chevy, or Toyota, we suggest that you look at the range and the overall top gear ratio with one of the four axle ratios (listed later on this page).
The transmissions have four gear sets and five shift elements (multi-disc clutches and brakes); only two shift elements are open at any time (on both six and eight speeds). By minimizing the number of open shift elements, drag losses can be reduced.
The Pentastar V6 gas engine has dual overhead camshafts (DOHC), high torque over a broad rpm range, E85 capability, and best-in-class noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). The Pentastar won Ward’s 10 Best Engines award in its debut year of 2011 and repeated in 2012.
The 60-degree aluminum block is made of die-cast T380 aluminum with cast iron bore liners. Six bolt main bearing caps contribute to an extremely rigid lower structure. Cast aluminum pistons are fitted to forged connecting rods; aluminum cylinder heads with dual overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder include integral exhaust manifolds. The large intake ports are a “tumble” design. Despite the high (10.2:1) compression ratio, the Pentastar V-6 runs on regular 87 octane fuel (or E85).
For better fuel efficiency across a wide torque band, the engine includes variable-valve timing (VVT) with dual independent cam phasing. Nearly 90% of the engine’s peak torque is available from 1,800 to 6,400 rpm.
For 2013, due to the increased power, customers can opt for a V-6 engine with a 4x4 and in crew cab models.Hemi V8 and Next Generation V8
The 5.7-liter Hemi V-8 has best-in-class towing and payload (11,500 pounds and 3,125 pounds, respectively, with the Ram 1500 Tradesman Heavy Duty). Cylinder shut-off deactivates four cylinders when full V-8 power is not needed, increasing gas mileage by up to 20%; the system operates nearly-instantly between 1,000 and 3,000 rpm.
VVT first closes the intake valve (to increase pumping efficiency) and, later, the exhaust valve, to increase the expansion process of the combustion event. This allows more energy to be transferred to the wheels instead of being lost out of the exhaust as heat. VVT also improves engine breathing for efficiency and power.
Interactive Deceleration Fuel Shut Off (iDFSO) cuts fuel to the engine during deceleration, improving fuel economy in both city and highway driving. The system does take getting used to, as the valves close when it is active, so the engine suddenly “drags.”
Midgrade gasoline (89 octane) is recommended; 87 octane regular is allowed.
The Next Generation V8, a 4.7 liter single-cam design with 16 valves and normally-open check-valve lash adjusters, returned for 2013 only, with horsepower similar to the V6. The engine has a cast-iron block with aluminum-alloy heads, and a 9.8 compression ratio. We asked Ram’s Dave Sowers if the 4.7 would continue throughout 2013. He said:
We have a 4.7 at least for ’13. A large portion of our sales today are Hemi. We think with the Pentastar we’ll sell some more V6s, and the 4.7 is kind of the ‘tweener engine. It’s still an important part of the lineup. We can produce as many as we need. It’s not a production constraint. It’s more of demand I would say. People who are buying V8s, most people, particularly individual consumers are buying the HEMI. Great name, great seat-of-the-pants feel, great power, and very good fuel economy.
Today, the ’12 model year, the 4.7 and 5.7 have similar EPA fuel ratings. 20 MPG highway in a 4x2 configuration. They vary a little bit in the city. With the 8-speed, the HEMI will be hands down better than the 4.7 in both power, acceleration, capability and fuel economy.Thermal Management System Thermal management to cut transmission wear and raise efficiency
A segment exclusive on the 2013 Ram 1500 is a new thermal management system, designed to quickly raise the transmission fluid temperatures to cut parasitic losses and wear, improving fuel efficiency by 1.7%. It is enabled by an electronic thermostat which constantly monitors antifreeze temperature; once it’s hot enough, warm engine coolant is circulated through a thermal exchange unit which heats up the transmission fluid. In most vehicles, the transmission heats up independently of the engine. (The system also works for engine oil.)
Chrysler’s Dave Sowers said:
We get benefit from bringing both of them [oil and transmission fluid] up to operating temperature faster. The primary benefit comes in the transmission. In colder climates, you could drive a vehicle for hours in the winter and the transmission might never reach that 190° (F) for the most efficient operation. So what we do is use some of that hot engine coolant through the heat exchanger to bring it up to 190° as quickly as possible, and that gives us efficient operation very quickly.
This is a big leap forward in efficiency given most customers’ drive cycles and like I said, the fact that they might never get to that level of efficiency. We even use it with engine oil. You might think that once you start running the engine, the engine, the coolant and the oil are all the same temperature but that’s not true. We’re circulating coolant around where the combustion process happens to take all the heat out that we need to. What we’re going to do is heat the engine oil up to that – about 190° – as quickly as possible too. More benefit comes from the transmission than from the engine, but it helps in both cases.
Why do you say that more benefit comes from the transmission? Because the engine oil would’ve heated up eventually anyway. So we’re speeding up in the engine. In the transmission case we’re getting to where we might not have ever got in cold temperatures and low loads.Stop-start system
Adding to industry firsts in a pickup truck is the stop-start system, on “select 2013 Ram 1500 models.” This new system improves fuel economy by up to 3.3%, or around one mile per gallon (mpg), in the truck’s city drive cycle. It shuts the engine off when the truck comes to a complete stop. Amenities (radio, gauges, heating or air conditioning, etc.) continue to operate, making the operation transparent to the driver. The engine restarts automatically when the driver releases the brake, allowing seamless acceleration.
The system monitors brake pedal position and vehicle speed over time to determine appropriate engine shut off, preventing frequent on/off cycling in heavy stop-and-go traffic situations. The starter, alternator, and battery have been upgraded on trucks with this system; the high-durability starter (with 300,000 tested on/off cycles) is in a stronger case, with heavy-duty flywheel teeth and a more robust starter solenoid. The new battery is 800 amps, with Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) technology, and the alternator capacity is 220 amps. (These upgrades only apply to trucks with the stop/start system; standard alternators are 160 and 180 amp, and the standard battery is a 730 CCA model).
If the battery’s charge is reduced, the truck will discontinue stop-start until the battery is recharged to an acceptable level. A system disable switch is on the dash.Transfer Cases
Two transfer cases are available on the 2013 Ram 1500: the Borg Warner 44-45, a part- time four-wheel drive; and the Borg Warner 44-44, an on-demand four-wheel drive system. Both transfer cases are two-speed models (2.64:1 low gear) engaged with a dash-mounted rotary dial (column shifter) or buttons (TorqueFlite 8 rotary e-shifter). The on-demand system is only available with the Hemi engine.
The part-time transfer case provides three operating ranges, 2HI (two-wheel drive), 4HI (four-wheel drive) and 4LO (low-range reduction four-wheel drive), and a neutral position. Operating mode may be switched between 2HI and 4HI while the vehicle is in motion, but the transmission must be in neutral to engage 4LO.
The on-demand transfer case provides four operating ranges: auto, 2HI, 4HI and 4LO. The auto range engages two- or four-wheel drive depending on road conditions. 2HI, 4HI and 4LO function the same as in the part-time transfer case.
Driveshafts incorporate 1350 series universal joints, two-piece thrust washers with triple-lip seals and improved journal cross strength.Axles
Two final drive ratios, 3.21 and 3.55, are available on both the 2WD and 4WD models, reducing engine rpm throughout the operating range for better fuel economy. Two higher ratios are also available. (Note: on 2014 Ram diesel, the standard ratio is 3.55:1, with a customer-orderable 3.92:1 ratio.)
Four-wheel drive models of the 2013 and 2014 Ram 1500 use a front axle designed for optional air suspension or standard torsional independent front suspension, incorporating half-shafts that drive front hubs. The axle also has a disconnect system that automatically disengages the axle when four-wheel drive mode is disengaged, for increased fuel economy.
The rear axle uses a new optional air suspension or multi-link mounting design to facilitate a coil- spring setup, with forward-facing shock absorber brackets. An optional clutch-type limited-slip rear axle is optional; it instantaneously divides torque between the rear wheels in proportion to the traction available to each wheel. The system is smooth when turning corners because it responds only to variations in traction. (Heavy duties use a helical gear type limited-slip rear axle.)Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
Pulse-width modulation reduces parasitic electrical load and increases durability of fuel delivery and forward cooling fan. The fuel efficiency improvement is small (0.4%) but measurable over the trucks’ long lifespan.
Chrysler’s Dave Sowers explained the system:
Our fuel pumps historically have been created so that I can haul a long grade with wide-open throttle and provide enough fuel pressure and volume to maintain my speed the whole way up. Previously, we had two fuel lines to the engine compartment: one with pressure, and one where we return pressure. [With returnless fuel injection], We moved that fuel pressure regulator from the fuel realm to the fuel pump itself. But the fuel pump always still came on and ran at full speed and we just relieved the extra pressure right back into the tank. So that was returnless fuel.
Now what we’re doing is on-demand. We use pulse width management to do that, where we will only turn the pump on when we need it to generate the power. So we get two benefits of that: lower electrical load and longer fuel pump life because we’re not running it all the time. What we did in the past was the equivalent of turning your stereo onto 10 and covering your ears when it’s too loud. Now what we do is turn the volume down.
We also use pulse width for alternators. That’s been true for a long time; that’s not a new technology. But we’re using it for our cooling fans as well, so we don’t have to run them at full speed, we can run them at partial speed. [you've had two-speed fans for a while, haven’t you?] Yes, but we’d turn them on and turn them off. Now we can vary the speed with pulse width. [He could not answer how many steps they had for the fan.]
Powertrain Warranty: 5 Years / 100,000 Miles
The 2013 Ram 1500 is backed with a best-in-class 5-Year / 100,000-Mile Powertrain Limited Warranty which cost parts and labor for covered powertrain component (engine, transmission, and drive system) and free towing to the nearest Ram dealer, if necessary. The warranty is transferable to new owners. The standard 3-Year / 36,000-Mile Basic Limited Warranty provides bumper-to-bumper coverage for the Ram 1500.TorqueFlite 8: the name
Ram’s Dave Sowers said:
I was part of the process [of coming up with the name] but I can’t point back to a single person. It was kind of a general agreement when it came up. We look back at TorqueFlite… the TorqueFlite name was a period of time when Chrysler was known for having bulletproof, efficient transmissions. That’s a notion that we all still held. So when the name came up in discussion, we all agreed. It sounded good. We did some research. We did some online research, and we did some customer research, and it does resonate that way. It speaks to high-quality transmissions and efficiency.
When TorqueFlite 8 was originally used, the number afterwards referred to the number of cylinders in the engine it was made into. Now we’re using it to designate the number of speeds in the transmission.
So we’re going to have 8-speed transmissions behind 6-cylinders like the Pentastar, and now we announced today we’ll have them behind 8-cylinders like the HEMI and the truck.
In 2014, will I still see the 65RFE? Yes.Comparisons to Ford F-150 2014 Ram2013 Ford Pentastar V6 F-150 V6 F-150 V85.0 F-150 V86.2 F-150 V6Turbo RamDiesel Hemi V86 speed Hemi V88 speed Horsepower 305 @ 6,400 302 360 411 365 240 395 @ 5,600 Torque 269 @ 4,175 278 380 434 420 420 407 @ 3950 Features Twin-cam, E85 Cylinder cutoff 4x2 mpg 18 / 25 (HFE);17/25 (base) 17/23 15/21 13/18 16/22 ? 14/20 15/22 4x4 mpg 16/23 16/21 14/19 12/16 15/21 ? 13/19 15/21 Specifications and dimensions Crew cab Front Rear Headroom 41.0 39.9 Legroom 40.9 40.2 Shoulder 65.9 65.7 Volume 64.0 cubic feet 61.0 cubic feet
For the crew cab with five-foot-seven bed: Wheelbase, 140.5; track, 68.6 front, 68.0 rear; 229 inches long; 81.5 inches wide. 26 gallon tank fuel standard, and 32 gallon optional. The cargo box is 5 foot 7 inches in length, with a volume of 50.3 cubic feet (SAE), and a 67.4 inch length at the floor with the tailgate closed; the width is 66.4 max, 51 inches between wheelhouses. Depth is 20 inches. The tailgate opening width is 60.4 inches.Pentastar V6 5.7 liter Hemi V8 65RE automatic transmissions ZF 8-Speed / TorqueFlite 8 automatic transmissions VM diesel for Ram 1500
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